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Types of Sugar We Consume

1. Glucose. This simple sugar, along with fructose is considered a monosaccharide, which are the simplest and most basic form of sugar. This is considered the least sweet, and its main sources are grapes and corn. It would be found on the ingredients label as dextrose.

2. Fructose. Known as the fruit sugar, it is derived from fruits and vegetables, but also honey. This is the sweetest of all sugars. It is often used to extend the shelf life of baked goods.

3. Sucrose. This is a disaccharide, meaning it is a combination of glucose and fructose molecule bonded together. It comes from plant sources such as sugar beets and sugar cane, and is what we now refer to as table sugar.

All of these forms of sugar provide about four calories per gram. But there is now evidence that they react in the body quite differently. This has not been conclusively confirmed, but if fructose is metabolized differently than glucose, for instance, then our bodies may react in different ways to those sugars. More research has to be done on the subject, but we now see strong indicators that there is a link between artificial sweeteners and cancer. Most health practitioners now strongly advise against these sugar substitutes.

Though we have more to learn about sugar’s direct link to cancer and other diseases, there is no doubt as to its indirect link. Too much sugar, largely because of the way it elevates insulin levels causes weight increase. This results in a direct link to cancer, heart disease and many other health maladies.